Most history lessons teach that the American Indian migrated to North America more than 12,000 years ago. There was no written history back then, but artifacts found in recent times appear to support that theory.

The most popular lessons suggest that a solid sheet of ice connected what we now call Russia and Alaska, allowing settlers to walk thousands of miles to settle here. There’s no evidence that these “new” Americans found other humans already on the continent.

A Land of Milk and Honey

Native Americans: A Captivating Guide to Native American History and the Trail of Tears, Including Tribes Such as the Cherokee, Muscogee Creek, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw Nations
HIGHLY RECOMMENDED

Upon reaching Alaska, these settlers turned South. While there’s no proof that they understood how temperatures grow warmer closer to the Equator, it’s clear that the vast majority of them waited to settle in more temperate land.

Along the route, they would discover an amazing bounty of wild game, fertile land and ample supplies of water. There’s plenty of evidence to show that the population began to separate in to bands, or what would eventually be called tribes.

Some early tribes mastered agriculture and found ideal land that turned into permanent settlements. Other tribes became nomadic, choosing to move frequently, feeding tribal members with wild game and fish.

Over time, tribes began to adopt certain cultural characteristics that made them unique. These differences were shaped by leadership and circumstance, most of which was not documented by word or art.

The idea of recording history for posterity was still thousands of years off and so we still rely heavily on archaeological discovery to piece together the origins and experiences of our First Nations ancestors. In my opinion, the discoveries still occurring make Native American history all that more vibrant and exciting.

The History of Each Native American Tribe

I have always wanted to tell the story of each Indian tribe. It won’t be possible for the smaller ones, and I can’t even imagine how many were never named and therefore lost to history. But my project will be to do everything I can to tell the stories of the ones we do know.

To begin, I’ve split them into geographic regions below. The tribes are categorized by where they were originally located so, for example, you’ll find the Cherokee in the Southeast where they were before the Trail of Tears forced them to Oklahoma.

As I write the histories of each, I will hyperlink the tribe name so you can click right over to the page. Be patient – this will be a huge passion project, but I’ll only be able to write this in my “free” time. Also, please use the form below to send me any ideas or input. I would love your help!

Abenaki
Algonquin
Cayuga
Chippewa
Illinois
Iroquois
Kickapoo
Lenape
Lumbee
Maliseet
Menominee
Miami
Micmac
Mohawk
Mohegan
Mohican
Montauk
Munsee
Nanticoke
Narragansett
Niantic
Nipmuc
Nottoway
Oneida
Onondaga
Ottawa
Passamaquoddy
Penobscot
Pocomtuc
Potawatomi
Powhatan
Quiripi
Sac and Fox
Seneca
Shawnee
Shinnecock
Susquehannock
Wampanoag
Wappinger
Winnebago
Wyandot

Adai
Alabama
Apalachee
Atakapa
Avoyel
Bidai
Biloxi
Caddo
Calusa
Catawba
Cheraw
Cherokee
Chickasaw
Chitimacha
Choctaw
Coushatta
Creek
Houma
Miccosukee
Natchez
Ofo
Saponi
Seminole
Taensa
Timucua
Tunica
Tutelo
Tuscarora
Woccon

Akimel O’odham (Pima)
Apache
Cocopa
Cora
Guarijio
Havasupai
Hopi
Hualapai
Huichol
Karankawa
Maricopa
Mayo
Mojave
Navajo
Opata
Pima Bajo
Pueblo
Quechan
Seri
Tarahumara
Tepehuan
Tohono O’odham (Papago)
Tubar
Yaqui
Yavapai
Zuni

Alsea
Bella Bella
Bella Coola
Chehalis
Chinook
Clatskanie
Comox
Cowlitz
Haida
Haisla
Heiltsuk
Klallam
Kwakiutl
Makah
Nisga-Gitksan
Nooksack
Nootka
Pentlatch
Puget Sound Salish
Quileute
Quinault
Siuslaw
Straits Salish
Takelma
Tillamook
Tlingit
Tsimshian
Tututni
Twana
Umpqua

Cayuse
Coeur d’Alene
Columbia
Klamath
Kootenai
Lillooet
Modoc
Molalla
Nez Perce
Okanagan
Umatilla
Salish
Shuswap
Thompson
Walla Walla
Wasco-Wishram
Yakama

Arapaho
Arikara
Assiniboine
Blackfoot
Comanche
Cheyenne
Crow
Gros Ventre
Hidatsa
Ioway
Kaw
Kiowa
Kitsai
Missouria
Mandan
Omaha
Osage
Otoe
Pawnee
Plains Ojibwe
Plains Cree
Plains Apache
Ponca
Quapaw
Sarcee
Sioux
Stoney
Tonkawa
Wichita

Bannock
Chemehuevi
Kawaiisu
Mono
Paiute
Panamint
Shoshone
Washoe
Ute

California Indian History

Achumawi
Atsugewi
Cahuilla
Chemehuevi
Chilula
Chimariko
Chumash
Cocopah
Ohlone
Cupeno
Diegueno
Esselen
Gabrielino
Halchidhoma
Hupa
Juaneno
Karok
Kashaya
Kato
Kawaiisu
Kitanemuk
Klamath
Konkow
Lassik
Luiseno
Maidu
Mattole
Miwok
Modoc
Mojave
Mono
Nisenan
Nomlaki
Nongatl
Northern Paiute
Panamint
Patwin
Pomo
Quechan
Salinan
Serrano
Shasta
Shoshoni
Sinkyone
Southern Paiute
Tataviam
Tolowa
Tubatulabal
Wailaki
Wappo
Whilkut
Wintu
Wiyot
Yana and Yahi
Yokuts
Yuki
Yurok

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